A Member of the Board is an individual Member or designated representative of an Institutional Member, with significant experience in the juridical or social science aspects of space activities, and committed to the Purposes and Objectives of the Institute.

PJ Blount
Director Current term: 2018-2021



Dr P.J. Blount (Ph.D., Global Affairs, Rutgers University, 2016; M.S., Global Affairs, Rutgers University, 2015; LL.M., Public International Law, King’s College London, 2007; J.D., University of Mississippi School of Law, 2006; B.A./A.B.J., University of Georgia, 2002) is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Faculty of Law, Economics, and Finance at the University of Luxembourg. He also serves as an adjunct professor in the LL.M in the Air and Space Law at the University of Mississippi School of Law and in the Department of Political Science and Law at Montclair State University.

Blount’s primary research areas are legal issues related to space security and cyberspace governance. He has published and presented widely on the topic of space security law and has given expert testimony on space traffic management before the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Space.

Blount serves as the co-editor-in-chief of the Proceedings of the IISL; as a former editor-in-chief of the Journal of Space Law; and as an editorial board member of the Journal of Astrosociology. Additionally, he serves on the Board of Directors of the International Institute of Space Law. He is a member of the State Bar of Georgia.

Prof. Dr Frans G. von der Dunk (Netherlands)


Director
Current term: 2017-2020



Professor Dr. Frans G. von der Dunk holds the Harvey and Susan Perlman Alumni / Othmer Chair of Space Law at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s LL.M. Programme on Space, Cyber and Telecommunication Law (for more information on the programme: see here) since January 2008. He also is Director of the Black Holes consultancy company in space law and policy, based in Leiden (for more information: see here). Previously, he was Co-Director, then Director of Space Law Research at the International Institute of Air and Space Law at Leiden University since 1990.


Prof. Von der Dunk was awarded the Distinguished Service Award of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF) in Vancouver, in October 2004, and the Social Science Award of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) in Valencia, in October 2006. In the summer of 2008, he was nominated, as the first lawyer ever, Member of the European Space Sciences Committee (ESSC) of the European Space Foundation (ESF). Also, he was the sole lawyer on the Panel on Asteroid Threat Mitigation established by the Association of Space Explorers (ASE) in 2007. In October 2015, the Handbook of Space Law which he edited and contributed six chapters to, was awarded the Social Science Book Award of the IAA in Jerusalem.


He defended his dissertation entitled Private Enterprise and Public Interest in the European ‘Spacescape’ in 1998. He has written more than 180 articles and published papers, many of which can be accessed here, giving rise to hundreds of full-text downloads monthly. He has given more than 150 presentations at international meetings and was visiting professor at over 30 universities and other academic institutions across the world on subjects of international and national space law and policy, international air law and public international law. He has (co-)organised some 20 international symposia, workshops and other events, and has been (co-)editor of a number of publications and proceedings. As of 2006, he is the Series Editor of ‘Studies in Space Law’, published by Brill.


He has given many interviews to the international media on issues of space law and policy, including a 2016 Dutch TV documentary  and the 2017 Asteroid Day Luxembourg TV marathon. (Watch here and here). He has presented at TEDx and  PINC conferences (Watch here and here).

Prof. Von der Dunk has served as adviser to the Dutch Government, a number of foreign Governments, the European Commission, the European Space Agency (ESA), the United Nations (UN), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), a number of space agencies, and the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), as well as a number of companies, and was member of the Advisory Group to the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) on the drafting of Optional Rules for Arbitration of Disputes relating to Outer Space.


Such advisory work dealt with a broad area of issues related to space activities, such as space policy, international cooperation in space, national space law, privatisation of space activities, Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) (in particular Galileo), satellite communications, radio astronomy, and earth observation. Also, he has acted as the Legal Task Manager in a number of studies undertaken in particular within the context of leading European Commission projects, such as on European space policy, Galileo and GNSS, satellite communications, the Global Monitoring for the Environment and Security (GMES) project and earth observation. Much of his recent work furthermore focused on such topical issues as space tourism, the legal status of the Moon and other celestial bodies such as asteroids and the ‘sale-of-lunar-estate hoax’, and planetary protection.


He is Director Public Relations of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL), Member of the Board of the European Centre for Space Law (ECSL), and Member for the Netherlands in the International Law Association’s (ILA) Committee on Space Law. He is also Member of the International Editorial Board of ‘Space Policy’. Further memberships include: International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), American Branch of the International Law Association (ABILA), International Bar Association’s (IBA) Section on Business Law (SBL), Committee Z on Outer Space Law, International Policy Advisory Committee (IPAC) of the International Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA; Senior Member), and Centro de Investigacion y Difusion Aeronautico-Espacial (CIDA-E; Corresponding Member).

Prof. Marco Ferrazzani (Italy)
Director Current term: 2018-2021



Since 2010, Marco Ferrazzani has been the Legal Counsel and Head of the Legal Services Department at the European Space Agency (ESA).

In this capacity, he provides legal advice on questions of both public and private law to the Agency and to its Council of Member States in order to achieve the objectives laid out in the ESA Convention. This function ranges from advisory services on multilateral discussions, space programmes, ESA policy and negotiations of international agreements to normative services such as the drafting of proposals, agreements, rules and procedures.

As the ESA Legal Counsel, Dr. Ferrazzani leads the Legal Services Department and its team of lawyers across the various areas of law relevant to the work of the Agency including: legal counselling services in relation to space programmes, institutional and financial law, intellectual property matters and dispute resolution, international and EU law, export control, and any law applicable to space activities.

Dr. Ferrazzani has represented ESA at a number of international conferences and at the UNCOPUOS Legal Subcommittee. He is frequently invited as a guest lecturer at universities and policy institutions, and has regularly published articles in several law and policy books and journals.

Before joining ESA, Dr. Ferrazzani worked as an attorney in the Milan offices of Baker & McKenzie, representing clients in the fields of corporate law, international transactions, foreign investments and litigation.

A graduate cum laude in law from the University of Naples, Italy, Dr. Ferrazzani received his university’s prize for best doctoral thesis for his research on international and comparative law. Thereafter, he undertook postgraduate study in the United States at Georgetown University and Harvard Law School, as well as at the University of Salzburg, Austria focusing on international and comparative law.

Dr. Ferrazzani sits on the Board of Directors of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL), and is a Board member of the European Centre for Space Law (ECSL). He is also a member of the French Society of International Law (Société française pour le droit international) and the International Institute of Common Goods Research (Institut International pour la Recherche sur les Biens Communs).
Prof. Steven Freeland (Australia)
Director Current term: 2019-2022



Steven Freeland is Professor of International Law at the University of Western Sydney, Visiting Professor in International Law at the University of Copenhagen, and a Member of Faculty of the London Institute of Space Policy and Law. He has also been a Visiting Professional within the Appeals Chamber at the International Criminal Court, The Hague, a member of the Australian delegation to the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, and a Special Advisor to the Danish Foreign Ministry in matters related to the International Criminal Court.

Among other appointments, he is a Director and a member of the Directorate of Studies of the International Institute of Space Law, a member of the Space Law Committee of the International Law Association, a member of the Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law and a Fellow of the Tim Fischer Centre for Global Trade and Finance.

He sits on the Editorial Board of the Australian Journal of Human Rights, the Australian International Law Journal and the China-based Space Law Review, as well as a series of books entitled Studies in Space Law. He is also actively involved in the publication of a series of casebooks annotating the jurisprudence of the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone and the Special Panels for Serious Crimes in East Timor.

He has published extensively on various aspects of International Law and is a frequent speaker at national and international conferences, having been invited to present conference papers and keynote speeches in Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States.

Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz (United States)
Director Current term: 2018-2021



Prof. Gabrynowicz is Professor Emerita of space law, Director Emerita of the National Center for Remote Sensing, Air, and Space Law, Univ. of the Mississippi Law Center and the Editor-in-Chief Emerita, Journal of Space Law. Prof. Gabrynowicz was a founding faculty member of the Space Studies Department at the University of North Dakota, where she also served as its Director of Graduate Studies.

She has taught space law since 1987 and currently lectures at various universities including the University of Vienna, the University of Warsaw, the Beijing Institute of Technology School, the China University of Political Science and Law, and the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics. In 2014 and 2015 she was invited by the Subcommittee on Space of the U.S. House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology to testify regarding the legality of asteroid mining and remote sensing law. She is currently a member of two U.S. Federal Advisory Committees, and one advisory committee for the National Academy of Science.

Prof. Gabrynowicz briefed former U.S. Secretary of the Interior Gayle Norton as part of the Secretary’s preparation for the Earth Observation Summit. Prof. Gabrynowicz briefed Frank A. Rose, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Space and Defense Policy, U.S. Department of State on legal aspects of orbital debris. She was the organizer and chair of the U.S. Federal Advisory Committee for the National Satellite Land Remote Sensing Data Archive.

She was a member of the Advisory Board for the Permanent Court of Arbitration for the Draft Arbitration Rules on Disputes Relating to Outer Space Activities and has presented to the UN Institute for Disarmament Research. The UN Office of Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) invited Prof. Gabrynowicz to lecture on space law at all of its space law capacity building workshops for government officials and policymakers and she is the lead author for UNOOSA’s remote sensing law curriculum. In 1999, the IISL invited Prof. Gabrynowicz to write and present the remote sensing law position paper at UNISPACE III. In 2001 she was awarded the Women in Aerospace Outstanding International Award. In 2011 she was awarded the IISL Distinguished Service Award. In 2014, Prof. Gabrynowicz received the China Institute of Space Law 1st International Service Award. In 2016, she was awarded the IISL Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2017, her work was recognized by the International Astronomical Union by naming an asteroid “(9002) Gabrynowicz”

Prof. Dr Stephan Hobe (Germany)
Director Current term: 2017-2020



Professor Stephan Hobe is currently Director of the Institute of Air and Space Law as well as Director at Law Centre of European Integration Cooperation, Cologne University. Moreover, he is Holder of the Chair for Public International Law, European Law, European and International Economic Law as well as Jean-Monnet Professor for the Law of European Integration. In addition, Professor Hobe is the editor of the German Journal of Air and Space Law, ZLW; member of several scientific associations, namely: International Institute of Space Law, European Center for Space Law, special rapporteur and designated rapporteur of the space law committee of the International Law Association, heading the special working group on air and space law of the ILA German Branch, membre titulaire of Académie française de l’Air et de l’Espace and member of American Society of International Law as well as nominated by Germany as ICSID Arbitrator.

Throughout his professional career Professor Hobe is also author and editor of more than 300 books and articles in the field of Public International Law, European Law, German Public Law, Air and Space Law and Investment Law including “Einführung in das Völkerrecht” (Introduction to Public International Law), 9 th edition 2008 and “Europarecht” (European Law), 7th edition 2012. He is editor of the German Journal of Air and Space Law (ZLW) and of the Series „Studies in Air and Space Law“; co-editor of the loose leaf collection „Space Law – Basic Legal Documents“. Co-editor of a Compendium on Air Law which was prepared in cooperation with Lufthansa, the “Kölner Kompendium des Luftrechts”, volume 1 appeared in spring 2008, volume 2 in May 2009 and volume 3 in January 2010. An English version entitled “Cologne Compendium on Air Law in Europe” has appeared in 2013. Also in preparation is a commentary on the existing international space legislation (outer space treaties and UN General Assembly resolutions) in 3 volumes, the “Cologne Commentary on Space Law”, in cooperation with the German Aerospace Centre (DLR). Vol. 1 appeared in October 2009, Volume 2 in March 2013. Volume 3 in March 2015. Co-editor of the series “Studies on International Investment Law”.

Furthermore, Prof. Hobe is dedicated not only to teaching space law at Cologne University but also in Bulgaria, Poland, China, India and Africa. Within the scope of the Institute’s co-operation with the University of Pretoria Prof. Hobe was nominated as an extraordinary professor of this University. He is also Visiting Professor of Beijing Institute of Technology as well as Thousand-Talent- Professor of Xiamen University and in 2013 he was appointed Extraordinary Professor at University of Sofia, Bulgeria. In India these are the Universities of Jaipur, Gujarat and Bangalore where he is teaching air and space law.

Thanks to his wide network of international relationships, Prof. Hobe is an internationally acclaimed expert in air and space law.

Prof. Dr Mahulena Hofmann (Czech Republic)
Director Current term: 2017-2020



Professor Dr Mahulena Hofmann is holder of the SES Chair in Space, SatCom and Media Law at the University of Luxembourg since 2011. She organises annual international workshops related to the new problems of space and telecommunication law, and has published several books collecting and analysing the contributions presented at these workshops (International Regulation of Space Communications, Harmful Interference in Regulatory Perspective, Dispute Settlement in the Area of Space Communication, Ownership of Satellites, Innovation in Outer Space: International and African Perspective).

Since 2016, Mrs. Hofmann serves as vice-director of the Master Programme in Space, Communication and Media Law (LL.M.) offered by the Faculty of Law, Economics and Finances in Luxembourg. In 2016, she was head of an international team which analysed the international framework of space mining activities envisaged by Luxembourg; afterwards, she was working on a proposal of the general space legislation of Luxembourg. Several times, she was member of the delegation of Luxembourg to the UN Copuos and its sub-committees. Since 2017, she serves as observer in the Inter-Ministerial Group on Space Resources in Luxembourg. Since 2018, she is representing the University of Luxembourg in The Hague Space Resources Governance Group.

Prior to her appointment at the University of Luxembourg, she was holder of the Jean Monnet Chair in European Law at the University of Giessen. For several years she served as a Senior Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg. She defended a PhD in Remote Sensing of the Earth from Space – Legal Aspects at Charles University, Prague and a ‘habilitation thesis’ on The Position of International and European Law in the Legal Systems of the Transformation Countries at the University of Cologne. Her memberships on the Board of the International Institute of Space Law and on an Expert Committee of the Council of Europe dealing with regional and minority languages allow her to concentrate on various aspects of satellite communication and media law. Mrs. Hofmann is a full member of the International Academy of Astronautics.

Ms Corinne Jorgenson (United States)
Director Current term: 2018-2021



Corinne M. Jorgenson is President of Advancing Space, a consulting group that specialises in civil and commercial space. Services include policy analysis and regulatory assessment as well as strategic insights, business and market analysis to government, industry and international institutions. She carries out various research activities and successfully led the consensus among 30 space agencies on a Declaration for an unprecedented 2010 Heads of Space Agencies Summit. She has also led the 2014 Heads of Space Agencies Summit on Robotic and Human Spaceflight Exploration where leaders discussed space policy and fresh ideas for new international cooperation with a special focus on space emerging countries. Ms. Jorgenson also advises national and international bodies on matters relating to space policy and cooperation.

Previously, Ms. Jorgenson was Project Manager at the Government Relations Office of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics where she analyzed the impact of legislative initiatives and policies on space industry, organized aerospace policy forums on Capitol Hill designed to educate the public and congressional staff on specific aerospace issues. She prepared analyses of the NASA budget request as the contribution to the annual AAAS Intersociety Working Group R&D Report. Before joining AIAA, she worked at the French Society of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AAAF) where she initiated partnership with the French Parliament representatives.

Ms. Jorgenson is the author or co-author of more than 60 articles, reports and papers in the fields of space policy and law as well as telecommunications policy. She has presented numerous papers at various conferences around the world and participated in several space-related studies. She has a Technical Engineering degree (Ville d’Avray University, France), a Master of Business Administration (ESC Reims, France) and a Master in Space Policy (George Washington University, USA).

Ms. Jorgenson is also:

  • Member and former Executive Secretary of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL)
  • Former Editor for the IISL Proceedings (Eleven Publishing) 2002-2014
  • Member of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA). Chair of IAA’s Space Policy, Law and Economy Commission 2013-2015
  • Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). Formerly served on several AIAA committees, including the AIAA’s International Activities Committee and the Public Policy Committee.
  • Member and Past Vice-President Programs of Women in Aerospace (WIA) and former member of the Board of Directors.
  • Member of the American Astronautical Society (AAS). Member of the International Programs Committee and former member of the Awards Committee.
  • Member and former Director of the Society of Satellite Professionals International (SSPI) U.S. Mid-Atlantic Chapter.
  • Awarded the IISL Distinguished Service Award in 2012.
Prof. Dr Armel Kerrest (France)
Director Current term: 2018-2021



Emeritus Professor of Public Law in the French Universities, Professor Armel Kerrest taught International Public Law, especially Space Law and Law of the Sea at the Universities of Western Brittany and Paris XI. He taught in other French and foreign universities on many occasions, published books and articles on European and International Law especially Space Law and Law of the Sea.

He advises for Space Law International Organisations, Governments and Companies. He is the Vice chairman of the European Centre for Space Law of the European Space Agency (ECSL/ESA), the President of the Association for the Development of Space Law in France, the Chairman of the Institute of Law of International Spaces and Telecommunications (Brittany); a Member of the Space Law Committee of the International Law Association (ILA) and of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) and a member of the Société francaise de droit aérien et spatial (SFDAS) a member of the board of the European Centre for Space Law (ECSL). He is a member of the International Academy of Astronautics and a corresponding member of the Académie de l’Air et de l’Espace.

Prof. Peter Martinez (South Africa)
Director Current term: 2019-2022



Prof Peter Martinez is the Executive Director of the Secure World Foundation. He has extensive experience in multilateral space diplomacy, space policy formulation and space regulation. He also has extensive experience in capacity building in space science and technology and in workforce development. Prior to joining SWF, Dr Martinez held the post of Professor of Space Studies at the University of Cape Town.

Before this he acquired fifteen years of executive level management experience and associated general management skills gained in the research and development environment of the South African Astronomical Observatory, a National Facility under the South African National Research Foundation, where he served as Acting Director for two extended terms and for shorter periods on numerous other occasions. From 2010 – 2015 he was the Chairman of the South African Council for Space Affairs, the national regulatory authority for space activities in South Africa.

From February 2011 to June 2018, he served as the Chairman of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UN COPUOS) Scientific and Technical Subcommittee’s Working Group on the Long-Term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities. From 2012-2013 he was South Africa’s representative on the United Nations Group of Government Experts on transparency and confidence building measures for space activities. He is a member of the International Academy of Astronautics, the International Institute of Space Law and a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society. He has authored or co-authored over 200 publications on topics in astronomy, space research, space law and space policy.

Dr Martha Mejia-Kaiser (Mexico/Germany)
Director Current term: 2019-2022



Born in Mexico City in 1957 and living in Germany since 1989. Received a Licentiate’s degree in International Relations, a Master’s degree in International Law and a Doctorate in Political and Social Sciences from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).
Diploma in Air and Space Law from McGill University and an International Space University graduate (89’ Summer Session). Worked in the Mexican Foreign Affairs Ministry and the Geophysics Institute (UNAM). Acting judge in the IISL Manfred Lachs Moot Court Competition and Telders (International Law) Moot Court Competition. Co-Chair of the IISL Manfred Lachs Moot Court Committee. Papers presented and lectures held at UNAM, IISL Colloquia, McGill University (Canada), NASA-Darpa, Leiden University (The Netherlads), Atma Jaya Catholic University (Indonesia), Keio University (Japan), etc.

SIGNIFICANT PUBLICATIONS:

  • La Órbita Geoestacionaria (The Geostationary Orbit), Comunicaciones Técnicas, Docencia y Divulgación, Instituto de Geofísica, UNAM (1987).
  • Doctoral Thesis: Imágenes Satelitarias de la Tierra y Derechos de Autor (Remote Sensing Images of the Earth and Copyrights), UNAM, 2003.
  • “Taking Garbage Outside: The Geostationary Orbit and Graveyard Orbits”, in Proceedings of the 49th Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, IAC Valencia, Spain (2006).
  • “Informal Regulations and Practices in the Field of Space Debris Mitigation”, in Air and Space Law, Kluwer (2009).
  • “Collision Course: The 2009 Iridium-Cosmos Crash”, in 52nd Proceedings Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space of Outer Space, IAC, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
  • “Removal of Hazardous Space Debris”, in Space Safety Regulations and Standards, Pelton J., Jakhu R. (eds.), Elsevier/Butterworth-Heineman (2010), Chapter 27, 371-382.
    “ESA’s Choice of Futures: Envisat Removal or First Liability Case”, in Proc. 55th Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, IAC, Naples, Italy (2012), available at https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B7O2eHT8riH8elNXQ0FkS0tQQ0k/edit
  • “Space Law and Unauthorised Cyber Activities”, in Peacetime Regime for State Activities in Cyberspace, Katharina Ziolkowski (ed.),. NATO Cooperative Cyber Defense Centre of Excellence Publication, Tallinn, Estonia (2013). Free upload: http://www.ccdcoe.org/427.html
Ms Elina Morozova (Russia)
Director Current term: 2019-2022



Date of birth: 14 August 1982
Present position: Head of International and Legal Service, Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications

Education and degree:
2009 LL.M in International Business Law (with distinction), University of Manchester
2008 International Commerce, All-Russian Academy of Foreign Trade under the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation
2005 Corporate Law, Academy of National Economy under the Government of the Russian Federation
2004 International Law (with distinction), All-Russian Academy of Foreign Trade under the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation
Membership and activity:
2010 – present Member of the International Institute of Space Law (Paris)
2010 – present Member of the Russian Association of International Law (Moscow)
2008 – present Regional Commonwealth in the Field of Communications (Moscow),
Head of the Working Group for the Revision of the Regulatory Instruments of the RCC (since 2011)
2010 – present Supervisor of law faculties students’ internship with the Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications
2014 – present Speaker of the International Congresses on Public International Law Commemorating Professor Igor Blischenko, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Publications in English:
All-Electric Satellites Seek Equal Rights in Space, Air & Space Law (to be published in June 2016); Legal Regulation of the Commercial Use of the Radio-Frequency Spectrum, Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law (to be published in volume 2015);
Dealing with Harmful Interference – the Protostar Case, Harmful interference in regulatory perspective : legal rules for interference-free radio communication (2015); Eliminating Contradictions between Domestic Legislation in the Field of Satellite Telecommunications and International Obligations within the Framework of the World Trade Organization, Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law (volume 2014); New Rule of Procedure Concerning the Change of the Notifying Administration,
International regulations of space communications: Current issues (2013); Establishment of a Specialized Tribunal Under the International Telecommunication Union to Adjudicate Disputes as a Means to Improve the Efficiency of the Management of the Radio Frequency Spectrum, Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law (volume 2013);
Results of World Radiocommunication Conference 2012 from the Perspective of Intergovernmental Satellite Telecommunications Organizations, Space Law Newsletter of the International Bar Association Legal Practice Division (June 2013); World Radiocommunication Conference 2012: Results Affecting Intergovernmental Satellite Organizations, Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law (volume 2012); New Legal Dimensions of the Orbital-Frequency Management: Conflict of Interest between a Group of Administrations and its Notifying Administration, Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law (volume 2011)

Prof. Lesley-Jane Smith (United Kingdom)
Director Current term: 2018-2021



Prof. Dr Lesley Jane Smith (b. 1956) trained and qualified as a legal practitioner (Solicitor) in Scotland, working in private practice and government, with subsequent experience in France and at EC level, before relocating to Germany. She is a partner in the law firm Weber-Steinhaus & Smith, Cotton Exchange Bremen (www.webersteinhaus.com) and a member of the Hanseatic Bar of Bremen, Germany. Lesley Jane was appointed as Professor of International and European Economic Law at the Leuphana University Lüneburg in 1996 (www.leuphana.de) and is a guest professor within various university programs across Europe, including the International Space University (ISU). She has since been appointed a visiting professor of space law at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, a university with a long-standing aerospace tradition and involved in space science and engineering.

Lesley Jane has first-hand legal experience as an expert member within the law reform projects working out of certain post-Soviet transformation countries during the nineties and was Rector to the Riga Graduate School of Law, University of Latvia for two years (www.rgsl.edu.lv), a specialist school of European law established by Sweden to facilitate the country’s transition on regaining its independence. Lesley Jane’s major research interests in space law cover the fields of liability for commercial space activities and related issues of debris, industry and agency contracts and procurement, as well as regulatory aspects of Galileo GNSS and IP issues relating to EO and outer space activities.

Lesley Jane became a member of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) in 2003, and was appointed as a Board member at the Naples AGM in 2012. She became a member of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) in 2009 and is a longstanding member of the European Center of Space Law (ECSL). In 2012, Jane became a board member (legal) of the European section of Women in Aerospace (WIA-E).

Dr Milton ‘Skip’ Smith  (United States)
Director Current term: 2018-2021



Milton (“Skip”) Smith is in private practice and is co-chair of the Sherman & Howard law firm Space Law Practice Group. Skip has been an IISL member since 1986, was President of the Association of U.S. Members of the IISL for many years, helped start the Manfred Lachs Moot Court competition in 1992, and has been the Regional Organizer of the North American Region
for over 20 years.

Skip currently represents launch service companies, manufacturers of space-related equipment, and other aerospace companies. He has held several significant space law leadership positions, including having served as both Director of Space Law at U.S. Space Command and Chief of Space Law at the Pentagon’s Air Force Headquarters. Skip also served in Geneva as the Legal Advisor of the 50-person U.S. Delegation at the 1988 ITU Conference on the Geostationary Satellite Orbit.

Skip is an adjunct professor of space law at the University of Colorado Law School, has an LLM and Doctorate in space law from McGill, and has authored a number of leading publications, including the book International Regulation of Satellite Communication. He is a frequent speaker on space law topics. Skip has negotiated deals and litigated disputes with dollar values into the hundreds of millions. He has considerable alternative dispute resolution experience and is a mediator and American Arbitration Association arbitrator.

Skip also worked for two years in the Office of the Legal Adviser, U.S. State Department. Skip is a former Chair of the Colorado Space Business Roundtable and the Aerospace Law Committee of the American Bar Association.

Prof. Dr Maureen Williams (UK/Argentina)
Director Current term: 2018-2021



Educated at the Universities of Buenos Aires, Paris, Oxford and London. Master of Laws (LL.M), University College, London University. Doctor of Law and Social Sciences, First Class Honours, Faculty of Law, University of Buenos Aires.

Maureen Williams is currently Senior Career Scientist (“investigadora superior”), Conicet – National Council for Scientific Research of Argentina. Fields of work: International Law and Relations, International Environmental Law, Space Law. Director of research projects in international law and space law (Conicet/University of Buenos Aires).

President of the International Space Law Committee of the International Law Association (ILA – London) since 2001 and “permanent observer” to Copuos. Formerly general rapporteur of the ILA Space Law Committee 1988-2001. Member, by co-option ad personam, of the Executive Council of the International Law Association (Headquarters, London). Professor of Public International Law, University of Buenos Aires (public university), and professor of International Relations, University of Belgrano (private), Buenos Aires, Argentina. Head of the ILA delegation to the 1992 Rio Conference on Environment and Development. Rapporteur, Unispace III Workshop on Space Law in the Twenty-First Century, 1999. Participant in “Project 2001 – Legal Framework for the Commercial Use of Outer Space” (Cologne University). Member, inter alia, of the Institut International de Droit Spatial (member of the board of directors), full member of the International Academy of Astronautics, the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), the Ibero American Institute of Air and Space Law (Executive Council). Hon. Adviser on international space law, CONAE (national space agency of Argentina). Sole author of a number of books and around 30 articles and book chapters published in the UK, Argentina, USA, France, Germany, Spain, etc., in the field of international law and space law.

Prof. Zhenjun Zhang (China)
Director Current term: 2018-2021



Prof. Zhenjun Zhang is Secretary General & Research Fellow at the China Institute of Space Law.

His major achievements and responsibilities are:

Prof. Zhang has served as Expert Group D member of UNCOPUOS Working Group on Long Term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities since 2011. He authored China’s Position Paper on the Issues of Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities, which was published in UNCOPUOS in 2016. He participated as Chinese Delegation member in UNCOPUOS sessions since 2011, focusing on the draft guideline consultations for the Long Term Sustainability(LTS)initiative.

Prof. Zhang advises widely on space diplomacy for various space agencies/organisations including China National Space Administration(CNSA)and China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation(CASC). He has served as Vice President of China Center for Aerospace Science and Technology Communications since 2016.

Prof. Zhang has been fostering China’s space law capacity building by organising and sponsoring up to 70 research projects on space law and policy since 2011 across China’s space law and policy community. He has served as organizer and/or keynote speaker for a great number of national and international events on space law and policy in China and beyond.

Prof. Zhang has been enthusiastically promoting China’s national space legislation process, which in 2013 led to a national legislation plan with space law included, as approved by China’s top legislature. Since 2014, he has served as one of the major contributors for the first draft National Space Law of China and related supportive documents. He proactively participated in the drafting process of China’s two most recent White Papers on space activities, i.e. “China’s Space Activities in 2011” and “China’s Space Activities in 2016”.

Prof. Zhang has served as founding Editor-in-Chief of China’s national Yearbook of Space Law Studies since 2012. As author for dozens of papers on space law and policy, he published in 2012 a monograph titled Study on the International Legal Regime Governing Lunar Resource Exploitation Activities. He serves as co-translator of CoLogne Commentary on Space Law(CoCoSL)Volume I, whose first ever Chinese version made its debut in 2017.

Prof. Zhang initiated in 2012 the joint Annual Colloquium of Chinese Society of Astronautics and China Institute of Space Law as China’s signature national event to bring together space scientists and
space social scientists for academic exchanges. This event has developed into China Space Conference since 2018 in celebration of China’s National Day for Space Flight. He also serves as founding Editor for the Annual Colloquium Proceedings of China Institute of Space Law since 2012.

Prof. Zhang was elected as IISL Board director in 2015. He has also served as member of the IISL Moot Court Committee since 2013. He played a significant role for China to host and fund IISL events during the 64 th IAC in 2013 as well as the Asia Pacific Regional Round of Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Competition in 2014, the first time to bring the Regional Round to China. He has served as organiser for China’s National Funding Round of the IISL Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Competition since 2011.

Prof. Zhang was elected as Corresponding Member for Section 4 – Social Sciences of the International Academy of Astronautics(IAA)in 2017. He served as co-chair and co-editor of IAA Study(SG3.17)on Space Mineral Resources – A Global Assessment on the Challenges and Opportunities, which was published in the USA in 2015, with its Chinese version published in China in
2017

Education

Master of Laws(2006-2009), Renmin University of China
MBA(2000-2002), The George Washington University, USA
Candidate for PhD in International Law and Economics(2013-), Beijing Institute of Technology, China

Professional link

https://www.linkedin.com/in/zhenjunzhang/

International Institute of Space Law

94bis, Avenue de Suffren 75015 Paris, France